Understanding Diabetes – 4 – Complications of Diabetes

Understanding Diabetes – 4 – Complications of Diabetes


Hello I’m doctor claire bradley chief medical officer of
IPRO today we’re talking about diabetes and now
I want to talk about the complications caused by diabetes all of the complications of diabetes may be
prevented by keeping blood sugars within an acceptable
range and by keeping scheduled appointments with
your healthcare specialists the acceptable blood sugar range is seventy
to a 130 milligrams per deciliter before a meal and less than a hundred and eighty milligrams
:00:38.150,0:00:42.190
per deciliter two hours after a meal there are two overall types of diabetes
complications microvascular and macrovascular microvascular complications affect the small
arteries the capillaries which are the smallest
blood vessels that connect arteries and veins and the nerves such as those found in the
eyes, kidney, feet skin and stomach damage to the retina a part of the eye is
known as retinopathy symptoms of retinopathy include problems when
reading blurred vision seeing halos around lights seeing dark spots or light flashes damage from retinopathy can be prevented by having annual dilated eye exam done by
an eye specialist such as an opthalmologist and having identify problems treated early retinopathy left untreated can lead to blindness the risk of developing both cataracts and
glaucoma is also a higher for people with diabetes damaged to the kidney is known as nephropathy with nephropathy the kidney cannot adequately
eliminate waste in the urine this leads to retention of fluid in the body
contributing to hide blood pressure dialysis may be necessary to filter the excess
fluid and waste because of kidney insufficiency or failure diabetes can also cause infections of the feet and
skin this is because wounds heal slower in some cases wounds on the feet if left
untreated can lead to foot ulcers and in some cases
require amputation damage to the nerves is known as neuropathy with neuropathy you may field tingling numbness or pain in the lower extremities feet or hands neuropathy may affect other parts of the body
such as the digestive tract or urinary tract this can cause delayed gastric or stomach
emptying or incomplete bladder emptying which can cause bladder
or urinary tract infections the second type of diabetes complication is called macro vascular this is damaged to the large arteries such
as the carotid arteries and arota as well as internal organs in the brain these macro vascular effects can include damage
to the heart into the circulatory system leading to heart disease or stroke symptoms of macro vascular complications include
dizziness difficulty speaking weakness in the legs and arms chest pain or pressure irregular heartbeat and swollen ankles diabetes in reality is probably the most single
devastating disease because of retinopathy, because of nephropathy, because of neuropathy
which means it involves the kidney the eye, it involves all the nerves in your body and when you talk about neuropathy we think
about the lower extremities, but every single
nerve in the body could be involved in diabetes if you want to learn more about diabetes checkout
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