Diabetes | Type | Causes | Symptoms | Health

Diabetes | Type | Causes | Symptoms | Health


What is Diabetes? Diabetes is a condition in which the body
fails to make or properly use insulin. Insulin is a hormone the body uses to convert
starches, sugar, and other food products into energy for the body to use to allow it to
function properly. The four major types of diabetes are Type
1, Type 2, gestational, and pre-diabetes. World-wide, diabetes affects huge numbers
of people. In the United States alone, over 6% of the
population — roughly 18 million people — are diabetic. While the exact causes remain a mystery, researchers
have discovered certain symptoms. These symptoms include extreme thirst and
hunger, frequent urination, blurred vision, weight loss, fatigue, and irritability. For people with Type 1 diabetes, insulin must
be taken every day. A diabetic will generally administer the insulin
shot using a syringe or have someone else administer the shot for him. This type is more common in Caucasians and
in people who live in colder climates. Type 2 diabetes can often be controlled by
monitoring the food one eats and by partaking in regular physical exercise. Some Type 2 diabetics may also need to take
insulin shots or pills to regulate their blood sugar levels. Obesity is a major factor in developing this
form. If a person has an unhealthy diet of fatty
food and exercises infrequently, he or she may be walking a path that will lead directly
to this disease. Pregnant women who become diabetic during
their pregnancy have what is called gestational diabetes. This form of the disease affects approximately
4% of all pregnant women in the United States. Women who become diabetics during their pregnancy
are likely to have a family history of the condition. Obesity again may play a factor. Pre-diabetes is simply a term for an individual
who has blood glucose levels higher than normal. People with this condition are not quite at
diabetic levels, but are more likely to develop the disease. Though children of diabetics will not necessarily
inherit the disease from their parents, research has shown that these children are more likely
to get it than children of non-diabetics. Type 1 is also less common in people who were
breastfed as infants. Diabetes is a serious disease which can lead
to heart problems, strokes, loss of limbs due to poor circulation, and death. Research continues to indicate that regular
exercise and a healthy diet are two factors which can help people avoid this condition.

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